Association between household composition and severe COVID-19 outcomes in older people

Association between household composition and severe COVID-19 outcomes in older people by ethnicity: an observational cohort study using the OpenSAFELY platform

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How to cite: Association between household composition and severe COVID-19 outcomes in older people by ethnicity: an observational cohort study using the OpenSAFELY platform Kevin Wing, Daniel J Grint, Rohini Mathur, Hamish P Gibbs, George Hickman, Emily Nightingale, Anna Schultze, Harriet Forbes, Vahé Nafilyan, Krishnan Bhaskaran, Elizabeth Williamson, Thomas House, Lorenzo Pellis, Emily Herrett, Nileesa Gautam, Helen J Curtis, Christopher T Rentsch, Angel YS Wong, Brian MacKenna, Amir Mehrkar, Seb Bacon, Ian J Douglas, Stephen JW Evans, Laurie Tomlinson, Ben Goldacre, Rosalind M Eggo medRxiv 2022.04.22.22274176; doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.04.22.22274176

Abstract

Ethnic differences in the risk of severe COVID-19 may be linked to household composition. We quantified the association between household composition and risk of severe COVID-19 by ethnicity for older individuals. With the approval of NHS England, we analysed ethnic differences in the association between household composition and severe COVID-19 in people aged 67 or over in England. We defined households by number of generations living together, and used multivariable Cox regression stratified by location and wave of the pandemic and accounted for age, sex, comorbidities, smoking, obesity, housing density and deprivation. We included 2 692 223 people over 67 years in wave 1 (01/02/2020-31/08/2020) and 2 731 427 in wave 2 (01/09/2020-31/01/2021). Multigenerational living was associated with increased risk of severe COVID-19 for White and South Asian older people in both waves (e.g. wave 2, 67+ living with 3 other generations vs 67+ year olds only: White HR 1·61 95% CI 1·38-1·87, South Asian HR 1·76 95% CI 1·48-2·10), with a trend for increased risks of severe COVID-19 with increasing generations in wave 2. Multigenerational living was associated with severe COVID-19 in older adults. Older South Asian people are over-represented within multigenerational households in England, especially in the most deprived settings. The number of generations in a household, number of occupants, ethnicity and deprivation status are important considerations in the continued roll-out of COVID-19 vaccination and targeting of interventions for future pandemics